The Swiss artist and architect Charles L'Eplattenier (* 9 October 1874 in Neuchâtel; † 7 June 1946 at Les Brenets) was one of the most important representatives of Swiss Art Nouveau. He became popular mainly because he taught at the School of Applied Arts in La Chaux-de-Fonds from 1897. The city was experiencing an economic boom at this time, as the watch industry became increasingly important. Especially the wealthy citizens of the city became interested in real estate and works of art. As a result, L'Eplattenier and his students were able to develop and successfully apply the special characteristics of Art Nouveau.
This new art movement was particularly dedicated to the study of nature and natural structures and conditions. One of his most important students was, among others, the later very successful architect Le Corbusier. He is said to have been inspired by his teacher when choosing his artist name. In 1946, L'Eplattenier died during an accident in the rocky terrain along the river Doubs.
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