Ferdinand Hodler (*14.3.1853 Bern – 19.5.1918 Genf) was one of the best-known Swiss painters of the nineteenth century. His early works were portraits, landscapes, and genre paintings in a realistic style. Later, in the last decade of the nineteenth century his work evolved to combine influences from several genres including symbolism and art nouveau. Hodler’s works were often provocative, they created several scandals and lead to contradictory discussions within the art circles. Nevertheless, he gained international recognition, participated in numerous exhibitions and profited from great sale’s success. Disregarding his connections to Paris and his invitation to join both the Berlin Secession and the Vienna Secession groups, he remained a loner within the international art scene.